The first month of life is a very important period for a newborn baby. During this time, a baby’s body is growing and developing rapidly. At this stage, a baby’s digestive system is also developing and the baby is unable to digest food properly. The baby’s body is not strong enough to digest food and nutrients.
What are the feeding problems in infants?
Newborns and infants often have feeding problems. There are a number of factors that can affect the way their digestive system works, and the way they feed. This includes:
Digestive system disorders – such as gastric reflux, or gastroesophageal reflux (GER), which is a condition where stomach contents flow back into the esophagus.
Feeding issues – such as difficulty with sucking, poor appetite, or frequent spitting up.
What are the symptoms of feeding problems?
Feeding problems are not always obvious. Babies may refuse to eat or vomit after they have eaten. They may have trouble taking the first bite of a bottle or breastfeeding. They may be fussy, cranky, or lethargic.
Feeding problems are more common in babies who are born prematurely, or who have had a low birth weight.
When babies are born prematurely, they have a lower rate of weight gain and not had enough time to develop the skills to feed well.
Babies who have been fed poorly in the womb, or who are smaller at birth, may have feeding problems.
Severe Untreated Feeding Problems
Causes of severe untreated feeding problems can lead to failure to thrive, low weight, poor weight gain, cerebral palsy, cognitive delay, learning difficulties, and developmental delay that could become life-threatening. The treatment is to focus on identifying the reasons as soon as possible and take solid steps to correct them.
Guide About Feeding Problems in Newborns and Infants
New parents are often concerned about their babies’ feeding problems. The problem can be due to different reasons. In this post, we will discuss the most common causes of a newborn’s feeding problem, its management and tips to help new parents cope with it. How is a newborn baby fed? Newborn babies should be breastfed exclusively for the first six months. After that, they should be given breastfeeding or formula milk. Consider following these few tips mentioned below for feeding a newborn.
- Stick with breast milk or formula
Breast milk is the best option. However, if you are not able to breastfeed, then you can choose to feed your baby with formula milk. Formula milk is a great alternative to breast milk, but it should be used in the first six months of the baby’s life.
- Feed your newborn on cue
Newborns are usually fed on cue, meaning they need to be fed when they are hungry. You can feed them on demand or you can feed them on cue.
- Give your newborn a bottle or a pacifier
Newborn babies are not capable of suckling from the breast. They need to be fed with a bottle or a pacifier. When your baby is less than a week old, it is recommended to use a nipple with a soft tip. As your baby grows, you can gradually increase the amount of milk you give to him.
You can also try to let your baby suckle from the breast.
- Consider vitamin D supplements
Vitamin D is essential for the development of bones and teeth. It also helps in the absorption of calcium. However, the best source of vitamin D is from sun exposure. In order to avoid vitamin D deficiency, it is important to get adequate sun exposure during pregnancy and early months of life.
- Expect variations in your newborn’s eating patterns
Your newborn won’t necessarily eat the same amount every day. During growth spurts — often at two to three weeks after birth — your newborn might take more at each feeding or want to be fed more often. Respond to early signs of hunger, rather than keeping a strict eye on the clock.
- Trust your instincts — and your newborn’s
A newborn is born with a “gut instinct” that tells them when they are hungry and when they are full. Your newborn’s instinct may be to suckle on the breast for a few minutes and then stop. If this happens, your baby is probably not hungry. So, don’t worry that your baby is not eating enough regularly. Because they know just how much they need to eat.
- Consider bond with your newborn during each feeding
Newborns are in the learning phase of their life. During this period, they will be more sensitive to their environment and the world around them. So, during feeding make eye contact, and speak gently with your baby, to build a sense of love, care, safety, and security. and you will have to make sure that you keep him calm and not overwhelmed by too much stimulation.
- Keep feedings consistent
Feeding a newborn baby should be consistent. A newborn baby is not able to keep up with a meal. It is essential to give him the same meal at the same time every day. The baby should be fed every 2-3 hours.
- Avoid giving him food that is not suitable for his age
The food that is given to a newborn baby should be soft and easily digestible. You should avoid giving him food that is hard and difficult to digest. It will cause him to have gas, abdominal pain and even diarrhea. This will make him uncomfortable.
- Expect variations in your newborn’s eating patterns
The newborn baby won’t need the same ammount of feed everyday. it depends on increasing age of the baby. The baby will need more feeds as the days pass by.
Therefore, if you have noticed that your baby is not gaining weight, you can consult a doctor. The doctor will be able to give you the right advice.
When it comes to feeding problems in newborns and infants, there are many ways to approach this problem. One of the most common ways is to use a formula. Some people are against this because they believe that breastfeeding is better for the baby. Others believe that the benefits of breastfeeding are not worth the pain of having the baby go through the process. There is no right or wrong answer to this question. It all depends on what works best for the mother and the baby.